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Rare Types of Penguins!

Most people assume that all penguins are black and white, but this isn’t the case. There have been multiple rare occasions where there has been a mutation in penguin DNA that has created rare type of penguins.

All Black Penguin: Photographer Andrew Evans captured the photo of the all black mutant penguin. It was found on the Sub-Antarctic Island of South Georgia.  The rare penguin’s color is because of a mutation in its pigmentation. Usually, when a birds pigmentation fails they will usually have some spots of white, so the fact that this penguin has no white spots is shocking. Dr. Allan BaImageker ,professor of Environmental and Evolutionary Studies at the University of Toronto, noted that the penguin was “bizzare and can’t even believe it.”

 

All White Penguin: David Stephens, a naturalist on the board of Lindblad Expeditions’ National Geographic Explorer ship, got a photo of the rare all white penguin in Antarctica. Its color is due to a lack of pigmentation in its feathers. The bright white color is a downside when diving for fish because normally the black color camouflages them. Even though the penguins have a mutated color, they have no problem finding mates and continue to breed.

 

Yellow-Eyed Penguin: Rare yellow-eyed penguins were spotted on Curio Bay, New Zealand. They are called Hoiho and were given this name because of the yImageellow band that lines their head and their eye color. These penguins are one of the rarest species of penguin, there are only 5000 of them currently and they are a protected bird.

 

 

Galapagos Penguin: This type of penguin is the rarest type of all penguins. It is the only Imagepenguin that lives North of the Equator in thewild. It is also the second smallest penguin species, its average height and weight being 19inx5.5lbs. They look like the typical penguin, a black/gray upper half and a whitest stomach.

 

 

 

 

These are only a few of the rare types of penguins that there are in the world. These four penguins prove that people who assume that penguins have a boring black and white look are wrong. Penguins are more than simple black and white creatures.

 

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For information of the different types of penguins: Click Here!

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Penguins in Pop Culture!

Penguins have been waddling the red carpet for many years. From documentaries to family films penguins have been a popular feature on the big screen. Even when the film isn’t focused on penguins they always seem to shine.

Happy Feet: Happy feet is a Warner Brothers film released in 2006, it made close to 384 million dollars worldwide.Mumble, the main character of Happy Feet, is a penguin that was born without the ability to sing but with the ability to dance. So life becomes hard for Mumble when it’s time to find his soul mate, because he’s unable to sing his heartsong.

Penguins of Madagascar: Madagascar was a movie released in 2005 by DreamWorks Animations, it made close to 532 million dollars worldwide. Even though the penguins were not the focus of the film they still had their moments when they shined, one of the most memorable scenes in Madagascar was when the penguins told Marty the Zebra, he didn’t see anything.

           Picture of Penguins of Madagascar

From left to right: Private,Rico, Skipper, Kowalski

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Mr. Poppers Penguins: Mr. Poppers Penguins is a comedy film released in 2011, it made 187 million dollars worldwide. This movie is about a businessman whose life changes after  inheriting a crate of 6 “annoying” penguins from his deceased father.

March of the Penguins: March of the Penguins is a National Geographic documentary film, it was released in 2005 and made close to 127 million dollars. This movie focuses on the lives of Emperor penguins in Antarctica. The movie journeys through their life and shows the struggles of starvation and its impact on reproduction.

 

Some movies featuring penguins are more popular than others, but still are enjoyable. It doesn’t matter whether the penguin is the star of the film or just waddled in and off of the screen. Penguins will stay on the screen, and in our hearts, for generations to come.

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Penguin Breeding Facts!

Reproduction is a factor of life, so it’s no shock that penguins mate to produce their adorable waddling chicks. Penguins breed in large colonies which make them very sociable. Female penguins lay the egg, most of them lay two eggs but larger penguins like the emperor penguin only lay one.

How do they choose their mate? The female penguin will typically choose who they mate with. The male penguin will try to impress the female in hopes of getting chosen by cleaning themselves, building nests, and using mating calls. Once penguins have found their mate, they form a monogamous relationship and will only mate with that penguin.

Penguin choosing mate

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When do penguins mate? Penguins are matured to mate between the ages of 3 and 8. They usually have specific mating periods but some species of penguins mate up to 3 times a year producing offspring usually 2 of those times. When food is scarce penguins will stop reproduction for awhile in fear of not being able to care for the offspring.

How does the chick hatch? Both parents of the egg have a role in its hatching. They will typically “hold” the egg during the incubation period which can last between 30 to 64 days. Many eggs are abandoned in this state because the partner fails to return to the egg and the other is unaware. Once the penguin is ready to hatch it can take several days for the chick to emerge from the egg.

Penguin holding egg.

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Caring for the offspring: Even if more than one egg was hatched, only one of the offspring will survive because the parents will devote all their attention to one of the chicks. Sometimes the offspring will die, and if it does female penguins will often attempt to steal another penguins chicks. They usually fail because of penguins of the colony will attack her. In return if a chick is abandoned a mother penguin who lost her egg will typically take care of it.

Learning about penguins breeding can make the penguin lover realize how harsh penguins can really be. They give selfish love to only one of their chicks and can be criminals if theirs die. Even with the harsh reality of breeding facts,in the end the product is great. A world filled with the adorable waddling bird.

 

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Eating Habits of Penguins!

Ever wonder what penguins need to eat in order to continue waddling on this earth? No matter what type of penguin, all penguins are meat eaters. Penguins not only need to eat to survive, but they need it for continuous energy and to develop a layer of blubber which helps them survive when food is scarce.  

 

What they eat: The type of diet depends on the species of penguins, but as said before they all are meat eaters. Penguins prefer to eat krill, squids, crustaceans, and fish but when food is scarce they will eat almost anything that they can get their mouths on.

 

How they get their food: Penguins prefer to hunt during the day time for their food near the shoreline about 50-60 feet from the surface.They use their long and spiny tongue to quickly catch and swallow their food whole so they can get more food quickly. Female penguins will typically catch more than the male ones so that they can feed their young.

Mother penguin feeding young.

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How much they eat: Penguins eat on average 20 fish per an hour when they do feed. They eat in such large amounts because the food supply can become scarce at any moment. They also eat in large amounts to develop a layer of blubber which will be their energy source when they fast.

 

Fasting Periods:  Most penguins fast annually during breeding and mottling seasons. The male penguin will not leave the nesting site for the entire incubation period!(This can last anywhere from 90-120 days) Most penguins, no matter the gender, also fast during mottling seasons. (This can last up to 54 days) While fasting the blubber they have developed gives them energy.

 

The eating habits of penguins are strange, discovering that the chubby creature fasts for such a long period of time can shock some people. The penguin lover shouldn’t worry though, penguins have survived with these eating habits and will continue to do so.

 

For more information of the eating habits of penguins

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Evolution of Penguins!

Ever wonder how the first penguin came to waddle on this earth? The evolution of penguins is complex but sadly not much of it is known. The history of penguins isn’t well known and sort of difficult to understand. Penguin fossils are rare so with no place to start not much research on the topic can be done.

 Some facts have been discovered through reading old records and making comparisons with other birds. Though some of these facts of penguins aren’t supported by tons and tons of research, it at least gives the curious penguin lover a place to start.

When were they discovered? They were first sighted in the 16th century by European travelers exploring the Southern Hemisphere. The explorers documented them as “Strange creatures who appeared to be birds, swam like fish, and sounded like donkeys.”

How were they named? The first record of the word penguin appears in the 16th century. When European explorers first discovered the birds they noticed the similarity between them and Great Auks. The word penguin and Great Auks are synonyms of each other.

Great Auk to Penguin comparison.
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Penguin Fossils. The oldest penguin fossil known came from the now extinct penguin, Waimanu. This fossil was discovered in New Zealand and is about 62 million years old. The waimanu was a penguin not as well adapted to water as modern penguins but still lived in the sea. It was a flightless bird with short wings perfect for deep diving.

Waimanu

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Penguin Ancestry. Some scientists believe that penguins have an early sister group and most likely share common ancestors with the now extinct plotopterids, a group of flightless sea birds.

    The oldest records of penguins show them still being flightless and seagoing making it clear to scientists that they date back further than current research shows. Without the fossils to support their theories, the evolution of penguins may never fully be known.

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